What is Hair Transplantation ?
Hair transplant is a surgery that is performed to restore hair to areas of the scalp that are bald or that have thinning hair. Men seeking hair transplant surgery usually want to correct hair loss resulting from genetics, ageing, injury, or certain medical conditions. Hair transplant grafts are usually performed under local anaesthesia. Treatment may require more than one session and each session may last from two to eight hours, depending on the number of hairs that will be transplanted.
There are a group of methods in hair transplantation.
Fue (Follicular Unit Extraction) Hair Transplantation
In this minimally invasive method, hair follicules can be extracted and implanted one-by-one. It is a procedure that involves using small circular punches (0,1mm) to remove the individual follicules from the back of the scalp, and then implanting these follicular units into the scalp in the bold area. As it offers maximum density, this method is known as the most advanced hair transplantation. It doesn’t cause any linear scars or marks in the donor area. It gives natural-looking hairline as well as it offers hair density. As it is minimally invasive, performed under the local anaesthesia, this technic allows quick recovery. With this technic, patients have minimum or even no post-operative pain. There is almost no risk of infection as it doesn’t require sutures. It leads to minimal complication. FUE technic allows hair extraction from some part of the body such as chest, back or beard without leaving any scars behind.
Fut (Follicular Unit Transplant) Hair Transplantation
FUT technic is a highly-advanced technique of hair transplantation where a long, thin strip of scalp is removed from lower down on the back of the head. These hair follicules are divided into single units. The sculp where the strip was removed at the beginning is sewn back together. FUT technic can be an ideal chice for people who have large bald areas on their head. There are some advantages and disadvantages of this technic. It is a cheap and quicker process than alternative technics and it allows to transplant a large number of follicules in one session. It gives a natural hair look when the hair grows. Comparing with FUE, it is a much affordable technic. Disadvantages of FUT technic are that the procedure is invasive and has longer recovery; during the process, numbness, itching and discomfort can be experienced and it causes noticable scars on the donor area.
DHI (Direct Hair Implantation ) Hair Transplantation
DHI is the most advanced technic in hair transplantation. In this technic, hair follicules are removed from the donor area one by one using an extractor with diameter of 1mm or less and then placed using a single-use implanter on the treatment area. Doctors can control the direction, depth and the angle with DHI implanter for the most natural results. New hair doesn’t fall and the result is very natural without stitches and visible scars on the treated area. DHI procedures should always be performed by certified surgeons while other technics FUE and FUT can be performed by technicians. DHI hair transplant technic takes the best approach during the procedure to ensure maximum patient comfort. It is a painless procedure, provides a short recovery time. It requires less donor hair and maximum survival rate of the hair follicules is more that 90%.
Sapphire Fue Hair Transplantation
A hair transplantation technic which is developed with FUE technology, is one of the most recent and widespread method among hair transplantation technics. In this method, hair follicules are extracted one by one from the donor area with a micro motor by special sapphire blades with superfine ends instead of steel blades. Hair follicules are then implanted to an area with incisions made beforehand. Channels should be small and opened very well because sapphire blades are small and thin. That is why opening channel phase is the most important part in this hair transplant technic. In addition, the recovery time is shorter in this technic as opened channels are recovered faster. The procedure takes less time comparing with other technics. It allows the procedure without shaving. Wounds and signs are less. Hair follicules that are implanted are more efficient and natural. This technic decreases the risk of trauma, scalp tissue damage and possible complications. Because the sapphire blades have a sharp and smooth surface, they don’t cause bacterial infection and sensitivity.
Robotic Hair Transplant
Robotic hair transplant system is the most advanced robotic assisted hair transplant procedure. It helps surgeons perform the most delicate hair transplant. The main advantage of the robot is that it enables a rapid and accurate hair harvesting using high technology computer. Using a combination of hand and the robot can provide the best. In this technic, the donor area is shaved to a length of 1 mm for the robot to see the angles and direction of the hair. This technic doesn’t require a surgical removal of a band of tissue from the head, there is no linear scar left after the treatment and no need for stitches or staples. It provides a quick recovery time and extremely natural looking results.
PRP Therapy For Hair Treatment
PRP (platelet-rich plazma) therapy is a medical treatment in which person’s blood is drawn, processed and injected into the scalp. It consists of three-step medical treatment. In the first step, the blood is drawn and put in a centrifuge; in the second step, after 10 minutes in the centrifuge the blood will have seperated into three layers: platelet-poor plazma, platelet-rich plazma and red blood cells; in the third step, the platelet-rich plazma is drawn up into a syringe and then injected into the scalp that require increased hair growth. Platelets rush to any site of injury, when bleeding occurs, to repair the damage. If you are not completely bold and have low-density of hair, if you don’t smoke heavily and drink alcohol, if you don’t use drugs and have blood thinners and if you don’t suffer from chronical illness, then you can be eligible for PRP treatment.
Things To Consider After Having Hair Transplant:
Your scalp may be sore, and you may need to take medications such as pain killer and antibiotics following hair transplant surgery. Most people can return to work several days after surgery. It’s normal for the transplanted hair to fall out two to three weeks after the procedure. This makes way for new hair growth. Most people will see some amount of new hair growth 8 to 12 months after surgery.
- Type of anaesthesia: Local
- Where you should have the surgery: In a full-fledged hospital
- Duration of the surgery: from 2 to 10 hours
- Hospitalization: –
- Hotel stay after the surgery: 3 nights
- Total duration of staying in Turkey: 4 nights
- Return to work: 3-4 days after surgery.